File Name: nigerian people and culture .zip
The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria 's multiple ethnic groups.
The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria's multiple ethnic groups. The country has over languages and over dialects and ethnic groups. The four largest ethnic groups are the Hausa and Fulani who are predominant in the north, the Igbo who are predominant in the southeast, and the Yoruba who are predominant in the southwest.
You will gain an understanding of a number of key areas including:. Once you've read this guide, ensure the success of your Nigeria business venture by:. The number of languages currently estimated and cataloged in Nigeria is This number includes living languages, 2 second languages without native speakers and 9 extinct languages. The official language of Nigeria, English, was chosen to facilitate the cultural and linguistic unity of the country post-colonization by the British.
The major native languages spoken in Nigeria represent three major families of African languages - the majority are Niger-Congo languages, such as Yoruba, Ibo, the Hausa language is Afro-Asiatic; and Kanuri, spoken in the northeast, primarily Borno State, is a member of the Nilo-Saharan family. Even though most ethnic groups prefer to communicate in their own languages, English, being the official language, is widely used for education, business transactions and for official purposes.
English as a first language, however, remains an exclusive preserve of a small minority of the country's urban elite, and is not spoken at all in some rural areas. Many religions are followed in Nigeria. The constitution guarantees religious freedom. Christians predominantly live in the south of the country, whereas Muslims live predominantly in the north. Native religions in which people believe in deities, spirits and ancestor worship, are spread throughout the country.
Many Muslims and Christians may also intertwine their beliefs with more unorthodox indigenous ones. The major Christian celebrations of Christmas and Easter are recognized as national holidays.
Muslims observe Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, and the two Eids. Working hours in the north often vary from those in the south so that Muslims do not work on their holy day, which is Friday. Along with South Africa, Nigeria is considered a super-power in the African continent and consequently Nigerians are generally proud of their country. It has the largest population in Africa and the land is endowed with vast quantities of natural resources.
It is the sixth largest oil-producing nation and has a well-educated and industrious society. They are fond of the expression, "When Nigeria sneezes, the rest of the African nations with the exception of South Africa catch cold. Extended families are still the norm and are in fact the backbone of the social system.
Grandparents, cousins, aunts, uncles, sisters, brothers and in-laws all work as a unit through life. Family relationships are guided by hierarchy and seniority.
Social standing and recognition is achieved through extended families. Similarly a family's honour is influenced by the actions of its members.
Individuals turn to members of the extended family for financial aid and guidance, and the family is expected to provide for the welfare of every member.
Although the role of the extended family is diminishing somewhat in urban areas, there remains a strong tradition of mutual caring and responsibility among the members. Nigeria is a hierarchical society. Age and position earns, even demands, respect. Age is believed to confer wisdom so older people are granted respect.
The oldest person in a group is revered and honoured. In a social situation, they are greeted and served first. In return the most senior person has the responsibility to make decisions that are in the best interest of the group. Due to the ethnic make-up of the country, communication styles vary. This is especially true when speaking their native language, although many of the same characteristics have been carried into their English language usage.
The Yoruba often use humour to prevent boredom during long meetings or serious discussions. They believe that embedding humour in their message guarantees that what they say is not readily forgotten.
Nigerians living in the south of the country tend to speak more directly. You may also find their tone slightly louder than elsewhere.
They may raise their voices even more and become emotionally excited when they feel passionately about a topic. At the same time, a harsh tone is considered unwelcoming and even hostile. Nigerians prefer facial expressions that imply empathy and believe an indifferent facial expression indicates that a person is ignorant or obnoxious. Generally speaking, Nigerians are outgoing and friendly. Communication commences with polite inquiries into the welfare of the person and his family.
Such social niceties go a long way since. Nigerian communication can also be indirect and may rely on non-verbal cues. Many use gestures when communicating. They may smile to mask their true feelings, especially when disappointed or confused. Many employ indirect eye contact to demonstrate their respect for the other person. It is common to gaze at the forehead or shoulders of someone they do not know well.
Very direct eye contact may be interpreted as being intrusive unless there is a longstanding personal relationship. At the same time, there are some Nigerians who are extremely direct communicators and have no difficulty stating what is on their minds. Therefore, it is a good idea to observe the situation carefully before determining what behaviour is appropriate. In general, Nigerians start with the general idea and slowly move into the specific, often using a somewhat circuitous route.
Their logic is often contextual. They look for the rationale behind behaviour and attempt to understand the context. They tend to examine behaviour in its total context, not merely what they have observed. Nigerians prefer to develop personal relationships prior to conducting business. Therefore, if this is the first time you are meeting with a Nigerian company, you should expect to devote a decent period of time to getting to know people on a personal level.
This may take as long as two hours for an initial meeting. Any attempt to bypass this protocol will hamper your business success. Expect the first few meetings to be somewhat formal as your Nigerian counterparts continue to become comfortable with you as a person. It is a good idea to maintain a polite and somewhat reserved manner until the person you are meeting drops some of his formality.
Try to avoid using hyperbole or making exaggerated claims when presenting a business case as Nigerians are naturally suspicious of a deal that sounds too good to be true.
Team members should present a united front at meetings. Any disagreement between members will be interpreted as meaning that you are not relaying the entire story and that they should proceed cautiously. If you plan to work from an agenda, it is a good idea to send it in advance of the meeting. Nigerians will generally follow the agenda point by point and may want to consult with key stakeholders who will not be present prior to the meeting.
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This chapter reviews the fate of Nigerian languages including the two major ones in the hands of Hausa language. The mobility of Hausa-speaking people in trade, business, preaching, and other professions, as well as their accommodative habits, made the language very popular and attractive. Despite the eminent rivalry between this conquering legendary language and its neighboring linguistic partners, Yoruba and Igbo, the popularity of Hausa culture has been strong since time immemorial. Dissemination and broadcasting of the Hausa language by major world radio stations made this statement a gospel. Interviews with various tribes, like Yoruba, Igbo, and Efik, reveal the strong influence of the Hausa language and culture in their daily activities. The influence is especially evident by its swallowing of the tribal languages of Fulani, Kanuri, Bura, and others.
Nigeria , country located on the western coast of Africa. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The country has abundant natural resources, notably large deposits of petroleum and natural gas. The national capital is Abuja , in the Federal Capital Territory , which was created by decree in The country became independent on October 1, , and in adopted a republican constitution but elected to stay a member of the Commonwealth.
Nigeria. Other notable topics examined include, the culture zones in Nigeria, Traditional Crafts and Cultural Festivals,. Nigerian geography, Peoples and.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word niger is Latin for black. More than ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home.
Nigeria is one of the largest , km2 and geographically, socially and culturally most diversified African countries. It is the most populous country of Africa the population estimated at million in , and potentially one of the richest. Richly endowed with human and natural resources, benefiting of a large internal market, Nigeria is, however, highly dependant on external economic sector, particularly oil revenues 93 per cent of exports in
Nigerians or the Nigerian people , are citizens of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria.
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Вероятно, он отключился в результате какой-то внешней аномалии, которая не должна повториться. Код ошибки 22. Она попыталась вспомнить, что это .
И в первую очередь я сожалею о Дэвиде Беккере. Простите. Я был ослеплен своими амбициями. Стоя над Хейлом и стараясь унять дрожь, Сьюзан услышала приближающиеся шаги и медленно обернулась. В проломе стены возникла фигура Стратмора.
- Попрыгунчик - древняя история. Стратмор дал маху. Но надо идти вперед, а не оглядываться все время .
Впервые за последний час она позволила себе улыбнуться.
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