File Name: liquid drop model and shell model .zip
Collective model , also called unified model , description of atomic nuclei that incorporates aspects of both the shell nuclear model and the liquid-drop model to explain certain magnetic and electric properties that neither of the two separately can explain. In the shell model, nuclear energy levels are calculated on the basis of a single nucleon proton or neutron moving in a potential field produced by all the other nucleons. Nuclear structure and behaviour are then explained by considering single nucleons beyond a passive nuclear core composed of paired protons and paired neutrons that fill groups of energy levels, or shells. In the liquid-drop model , nuclear structure and behaviour are explained on the basis of statistical contributions of all the nucleons much as the molecules of a spherical drop of water contribute to the overall energy and surface tension.
An a - cluster model of nuclear structure based on power of proton+neutron (pn)-pairs to bind themselves to a - clusters is proposed. The a - cluster is taken as.
This theory is based on the liquid drop model proposed by George Gamow. According to this model, the atomic nucleus behaves like the molecules in a drop of liquid. But in this nuclear scale, the fluid is made of nucleons protons and neutrons , which are held together by the strong nuclear force.
Liquid-drop model , in nuclear physics , a description of atomic nuclei in which the nucleons neutrons and protons behave like the molecules in a drop of liquid. If given sufficient extra energy as by the absorption of a neutron , the spherical nucleus may be distorted into a dumbbell shape and then split at the neck into two nearly equal fragments, releasing energy. Although inadequate to explain all nuclear phenomena, the theory underlying the model provides excellent estimates of average properties of nuclei. Russian-born American physicist George Gamow formulated the model in , and Austrian physicists Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch used it in to explain nuclear fission.
Sayyad Nagoorvali. Samit Kr. This project consists of a study of basic nuclear models, such as Liquid Drop Model, Shell Model and the Nilsson model for nuclei with different shapes at the ground state. The Liquid drop model of a nucleus is aid in the calculation of the nuclear binding energy. This model assumes that the ground state of nucleus is spherical.
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As the name suggests, it is based partly on theory and partly on empirical measurements. The formula represents the liquid drop model proposed by George Gamow ,  which can account for most of the terms in the formula and gives rough estimates for the values of the coefficients. The formula gives a good approximation for atomic masses and thereby other effects. However, it fails to explain the existence of lines of greater binding energy at certain numbers of protons and neutrons.
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