and pdfThursday, April 22, 2021 7:06:45 AM0

Difference Between Interpersonal Communication And Mass Communication Pdf

difference between interpersonal communication and mass communication pdf

File Name: difference between interpersonal communication and mass communication .zip
Size: 11913Kb
Published: 22.04.2021

Throughout history, ways of communicating has evolved. Though all communication includes transmitting messages from a source to a receiver, interpersonal communication and mass communication differ in many ways. When conversation is going on between two people — and sometimes a few people — interpersonal communication is occurring. This type of communication is more personal than mass communication, and feedback occurs often and right away. As a result, communicating interpersonally makes it hard to be able to tell who is the source and who is the receiver.

Difference Between Communication and Mass Communication

Before we dive into the history of communication, it is important that we have a shared understanding of what we mean by the word communication. For our purposes in this book, we will define communication as the process of generating meaning by sending and receiving verbal and nonverbal symbols and signs that are influenced by multiple contexts.

Our focus in this book is on human communication. The ability to think outside our immediate reality is what allows us to create elaborate belief systems, art, philosophy, and academic theories. The emergence of elite classes and the rise of armies required records and bookkeeping, which furthered the spread of written symbols. This period has featured the most rapid dispersion of a new method of communication, as the spread of the Internet and the expansion of digital and personal media signaled the beginning of the digital age.

Aristotle is a logical person to start with when tracing the development of the communication scholarship. His writings on communication, although not the oldest, are the most complete and systematic.

Ancient Greek philosophers and scholars such as Aristotle theorized about the art of rhetoric, which refers to speaking well and persuasively. Today, we hear the word rhetoric used in negative ways. This leads us to believe that rhetoric refers to misleading, false, or unethical communication, which is not at all in keeping with the usage of the word by ancient or contemporary communication experts. Much of the writing and teaching about rhetoric conveys the importance of being an ethical rhetor , or communicator.

The connections among rhetoric, policy making, and legal proceedings show that communication and citizenship have been connected since the study of communication began. Throughout this book, we will continue to make connections between communication, ethics, and civic engagement.

Communication studies as a distinct academic discipline with departments at universities and colleges has only existed for a little over one hundred years Keith, There was a distinction of focus and interest among professors of speech. While some focused on the quality of ideas, arguments, and organization, others focused on coaching the performance and delivery aspects of public speaking Keith, The formalization of speech departments led to an expanded view of the role of communication.

Even though Aristotle and other ancient rhetoricians and philosophers had theorized the connection between rhetoric and citizenship, the role of the communicator became the focus instead of solely focusing on the message. James A. Later, as social psychology began to expand in academic institutions, speech communication scholars saw places for connection to further expand definitions of communication to include social and psychological contexts.

Today, you can find elements of all these various aspects of communication being studied in communication departments. If we use President Obama as a case study, we can see the breadth of the communication field. Within one department, you may have fairly traditional rhetoricians who study the speeches of President Obama in comparison with other presidential rhetoric. Others may study debates between presidential candidates, dissecting the rhetorical strategies used, for example, by Mitt Romney and Barack Obama.

Expanding from messages to channels of communication, scholars may study how different media outlets cover presidential politics. At an interpersonal level, scholars may study what sorts of conflicts emerge within families that have liberal and conservative individuals.

At a cultural level, communication scholars could study how the election of an African American president creates a narrative of postracial politics. Our tour from Aristotle to Obama was quick, but hopefully instructive. The five main forms of communication are intrapersonal, interpersonal, group, public, and mass communication.

In the following we will discuss the similarities and differences among each form of communication, including its definition, level of intentionality, goals, and contexts. Intrapersonal communication is communication with oneself using internal vocalization or reflective thinking.

Intrapersonal communication is triggered by some internal or external stimulus. We may, for example, communicate with our self about what we want to eat due to the internal stimulus of hunger, or we may react intrapersonally to an event we witness.

Unlike other forms of communication, intrapersonal communication takes place only inside our heads. The other forms of communication must be perceived by someone else to count as communication. Intrapersonal communication serves several social functions. For example, a person may use self-talk to calm himself down in a stressful situation, or a shy person may remind herself to smile during a social event.

Intrapersonal communication also helps build and maintain our self-concept. Competent intrapersonal communication helps facilitate social interaction and can enhance our well-being. Sometimes we intrapersonally communicate for the fun of it. We also communicate intrapersonally to pass time. We can, however, engage in more intentional intrapersonal communication. In fact, deliberate self-reflection can help us become more competent communicators as we become more mindful of our own behaviors.

For example, your internal voice may praise or scold you based on a thought or action. Intrapersonal communication is not created with the intention that another person will perceive it. In all the other levels, the fact that the communicator anticipates consumption of their message is very important. Interpersonal communication is communication between people whose lives mutually influence one another. Interpersonal communication builds, maintains, and ends our relationships, and we spend more time engaged in interpersonal communication than the other forms of communication.

Interpersonal communication occurs in various contexts and is addressed in subfields of study within communication studies such as intercultural communication, organizational communication, health communication, and computer-mediated communication.

After all, interpersonal relationships exist in all those contexts. Interpersonal communication can be planned or unplanned, but since it is interactive, it is usually more structured and influenced by social expectations than intrapersonal communication.

Interpersonal communication is also more goal oriented than intrapersonal communication and fulfills instrumental and relational needs. In terms of instrumental needs, the goal may be as minor as greeting someone to fulfill a morning ritual or as major as conveying your desire to be in a committed relationship with someone. Interpersonal communication meets relational needs by communicating the uniqueness of a specific relationship.

In order to be a competent interpersonal communicator, you need conflict management skills and listening skills, among others, to maintain positive relationships. Group communication is communication among three or more people interacting to achieve a shared goal. Group work in an academic setting provides useful experience and preparation for group work in professional settings.

Group communication is more intentional and formal than interpersonal communication. Individuals in a group are often assigned to their position within a group. Group communication is often task focused, meaning that members of the group work together for an explicit purpose or goal that affects each member of the group. Since group members also communicate with and relate to each other interpersonally and may have preexisting relationships or develop them during the course of group interaction, elements of interpersonal communication occur within group communication too.

Public communication is a sender-focused form of communication in which one person is typically responsible for conveying information to an audience. But, just like group communication, public speaking is an important part of our academic, professional, and civic lives.

When compared to interpersonal and group communication, public communication is the most consistently intentional, formal, and goal-oriented form of communication we have discussed so far. Public communication, at least in Western societies, is also more sender focused than interpersonal or group communication. Despite being formal, public speaking is very similar to the conversations that we have in our daily interactions.

Public communication becomes mass communication when it is transmitted to many people through print or electronic media. Radio, podcasts, and books are other examples of mass media. The technology required to send mass communication messages distinguishes it from the other forms of communication. A certain amount of intentionality goes into transmitting a mass communication message since it usually requires one or more extra steps to convey the message.

The intentionality and goals of the person actually creating the message, such as the writer, television host, or talk show guest, vary greatly. Unlike interpersonal, group, and public communication, there is no immediate verbal and nonverbal feedback loop in mass communication. With new media technologies like Twitter, blogs, and Facebook, feedback is becoming more immediate. The technology to mass-produce and distribute communication messages brings with it the power for one voice or a series of voices to reach and affect many people.

The potential consequences of unethical mass communication are important to consider. The multiple subfields and concentrations within the field allow for exciting opportunities for study in academic contexts but can create confusion and uncertainty when a person considers what they might do for their career after studying communication.

Look at the communication courses offered at your school to get an idea of where the communication department on your campus fits into the overall field of study. Some departments are more general, offering students a range of courses to provide a well-rounded understanding of communication. Many departments offer concentrations or specializations within the major such as public relations, rhetoric, interpersonal communication, electronic media production, corporate communication.

It would be unfortunate for a student interested in public relations to end up in a department that focuses more on rhetoric or broadcasting, so doing your research ahead of time is key. This book, for example, should help you build communication competence and skills in interpersonal communication, intercultural communication, group communication, and public speaking, among others.

Dance, F. Keith, W. McCroskey, J. Robert N. Poe, M. Learning Objectives Define communication. Discuss the history of communication from ancient to modern times. List the five forms of communication. Distinguish among the five forms of communication. Review the various career options for students who study communication.

Forms of Communication The five main forms of communication are intrapersonal, interpersonal, group, public, and mass communication. Intrapersonal Communication Intrapersonal communication is communication with oneself using internal vocalization or reflective thinking. Interpersonal Communication Interpersonal communication is communication between people whose lives mutually influence one another.

Group Communication Group communication is communication among three or more people interacting to achieve a shared goal. Public Communication Public communication is a sender-focused form of communication in which one person is typically responsible for conveying information to an audience. Mass Communication Public communication becomes mass communication when it is transmitted to many people through print or electronic media. Sales, customer service, management, real estate, human resources, training and development.

1.1: Communication - History and Forms

Before we dive into the history of communication, it is important that we have a shared understanding of what we mean by the word communication. For our purposes in this book, we will define communication as the process of generating meaning by sending and receiving verbal and nonverbal symbols and signs that are influenced by multiple contexts. Our focus in this book is on human communication. The ability to think outside our immediate reality is what allows us to create elaborate belief systems, art, philosophy, and academic theories. The emergence of elite classes and the rise of armies required records and bookkeeping, which furthered the spread of written symbols. This period has featured the most rapid dispersion of a new method of communication, as the spread of the Internet and the expansion of digital and personal media signaled the beginning of the digital age. Aristotle is a logical person to start with when tracing the development of the communication scholarship.

Please join StudyMode to read the full document. The senders most of the time do not know that they are even sending the messages, which can sometimes be good or bad, depending on the situation a person is in. Examples of nervous behavior would be fidgeting, rubbing of hands together, looking away, shaking a leg, even stuttering, or staying silent while nervous perhaps, which could or could not be bad. That can also be useful if the other partners are not good at expressing themselves with words and constructive verbal communication. By reading their body language, one can change the direction of a discussion or be more accommodating to their needs and desires, to improve the outcome of the conversation. The challenge with face-to-face relationships is just that.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up.

difference between interpersonal communication and mass communication pdf

With interpersonal communication, you can sometimes smell the breath of the person with whom you are talking! (Come to think of it, perhaps that is not.


Mass Communication vs. Interpersonal Communication

Simply put, mass communication is the public transfer of messages through media or technology-driven channels to a large number of recipients from an entity, usually involving some type of cost or fee advertising for the user. However, with the advent of outlets like YouTube, Instagram, Facebook, and text messaging, these definitions do not account for the increased opportunities individuals now have to send messages to large audiences through mediated channels. Nevertheless, most mass communication comes from large organizations that influence culture on a large scale. If successful, this will be one of the biggest mergers in history. When examining mass communication, we are interested in who has control over what content, for what audience, using what medium, and what are the results?

Mediated communication or mediated interaction less often, mediated discourse refers to communication carried out by the use of information communication technology and can be contrasted to face-to-face communication. Historically, mediated communication was much rarer than the face-to-face method. Compared to face-to-face communication, mediated communication engages fewer senses, transmits fewer symbolic cues most mediated communication does not transmit facial expressions and is seen as more private. The type of mediated technology used can also influence its meaning.

Communication involves meaningful sharing and exchange of message between two parties, i. The term communication is often contrasted with mass communication. Mass communication is described as that form of communication which spreads the message to the mass audience at the same time, using sophisticated technology. Messages are sent with a certain purpose, which can be spreading news, sharing an experience or informing the audience, etc.

 - Простите. Беккер вытащил из вазы, стоявшей на столике в центре комнаты, розу и небрежно поднес ее к носу, потом резко повернулся к немцу, выпустив розу из рук. - Что вы можете рассказать про убийство. Немец побелел.

Он не скрывал от нанимателей того, что случилось с ним во время службы в морской пехоте, и стремился завоевать их расположение, предлагая работать без оплаты в течение месяца, чтобы они узнали ему цену. В желающих принять его на работу не было недостатка, а увидав, что он может творить на компьютере, они уже не хотели его отпускать. Профессионализм Хейла достиг высокого уровня, и у него появились знакомые среди интернет-пользователей по всему миру. Он был представителем новой породы киберпсихов и общался с такими же ненормальными в других странах, посещая непристойные сайты и просиживая в европейских чатах.

Стратмор отсутствующе смотрел на стену. - Коммандер. Выключите .

1) the Difference Between Interpersonal and Mass Communication

 Ты представляешь, что произойдет, если выйдет из строя система охлаждения ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Бринкерхофф пожал плечами и подошел к окну.

Я говорю о наших собственных гражданах. О юристах, фанатичных борцах за гражданские права, о Фонде электронных границ - они все приняли в этом участие, но дело в другом. Дело в людях.

Шестерни сцепились, и как раз в этот момент его пальцы схватились за дверную ручку. Руку чуть не вырвало из плечевого сустава, когда двигатель набрал полную мощность, буквально вбросив его на ступеньки. Беккер грохнулся на пол возле двери.

 Утечка информации! - кричал кто-то.  - Стремительная. Все люди на подиуме потянулись к терминалу в одно и то же мгновение, образовав единое сплетение вытянутых рук. Но Сьюзан, опередив всех, прикоснулась к клавиатуре и нажала цифру 3. Все повернулись к экрану, где над всем этим хаосом появилась надпись: ВВЕСТИ ПАРОЛЬ.

Mediated communication

Убивать Танкадо не было необходимости.

Она оказалась в тоннеле, очень узком, с низким потолком. Перед ней, исчезая где-то в темноте, убегали вдаль две желтые линии. Подземная шоссейная дорога… Сьюзан медленно шла по этому туннелю, то и дело хватаясь за стены, чтобы сохранить равновесие. Позади закрылась дверь лифта, и она осталась одна в пугающей темноте.

Его туфли кордовской кожи стучали по асфальту, но его обычная реакция теннисиста ему изменила: он чувствовал, что теряет равновесие. Мозг как бы не поспевал за ногами. Беккер в очередной раз послал бармену проклятие за коктейль, выбивший его из колеи. Это был один из старых потрепанных севильских автобусов, и первая передача включилась не. Расстояние между Беккером и ним сокращалось.

 И Танкадо отдал это кольцо совершенно незнакомому человеку за мгновение до смерти? - с недоумением спросила Сьюзан.  - Почему. Стратмор сощурил. - А ты как думаешь.

Это культовая фигура, икона в мире хакеров.

Вскоре появился пилот и открыл люк. Беккер быстро допил остатки клюквенного сока, поставил стакан на мокрую столешницу и надел пиджак. Пилот достал из летного костюма плотный конверт. - Мне поручено передать вам .

Несмотря на то что вечер только начинался, было очень жарко, однако Беккер поймал себя на том, что идет через парк стремительным шагом. Голос Стратмора в телефонной трубке звучал еще настойчивее, чем утром. Новые инструкции не оставляли места сомнениям: необходимо во что бы то ни стало найти канадца. Ни перед чем не останавливаться, только бы заполучить кольцо.

Стратмор тяжело дышал. - ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Правда о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ. Сьюзан понимающе кивнула. Это звучало вполне логично: Танкадо хотел заставить АНБ рассказать о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ всему миру.

0 Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *