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Smart Clothing Technology And Applications Pdf

smart clothing technology and applications pdf

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We are all familiar with the evolution of the personal computer and the internet.

Smart Clothing: What You Need to Know About E-Textiles

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Sachin Roy. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. The set of chapters contained here offers a unique global view for three reasons.

First, they evoke the whole design cycle of smart clothes. Second, they cover applications for both the general public and professionals. Third, they dig into human aspects as well as technological aspects. This book begins with a review and reappraisal of smart clothing by Gilsoo Cho et al. Readers can thus get up to date, visualize trends, and glimpse the future. In Chapter 2, Joohyeon Lee et al.

Readers can relate to real cases thanks to arguments based on MP3-player jackets, photonic clothing, and bio-monitoring clothing, systems that manufacturers already commercialize though problems are by no means all solved.

In the following chapter, Yong Gu Ji and Kwangil Lee complement the discussion on design processes with a twin discussion on standardization, thus covering a critical aspect of the production and dissemination of smart clothes worldwide. They evoke trends, methods, and strategies worldwide, and detail the cases of South Korea, which is their country as well as the world leader for the production of smart clothing. Readers should value the broad scope of the information provided as well as the separate coverage of clothing and electronics.

Chapters 4 and 5 conjointly offer a view of typical enhancing components for smart clothing. Kee Sam Jeong and Sun K. Yoo present electro-textile interfaces, sensors, and actuators, and then Moo Sung Lee et al. Thanks to them, the readers should understand the difficulties in choosing materials and designs that simultaneously provide targeted functions, allow a viable and elegant integration into textile and apparel, and maintain the comfort and usability of the final smart clothing in everyday life or for specific activities.

As a by-product of their writing, the authors demonstrate the importance of multidisciplinary collaborations. Reliably and efficiently exploiting combinations of components will often require particular software and hardware architectures, which will differ greatly from those existing for standard computers and multi-function cellular phones.

Accordingly, Mark T. Jones and Thomas L. Martin discuss in their chapter the properties of e-textiles and propose dedicated architectures that are fault-tolerant, power-aware, and concurrently support numerous components. Although of low importance for simple cases, these aspects appear critical for complex smart clothes, and can influence their whole design.

This unique approach is theoretical and practical, clarifying trends in ubiquitous computing, testing hypotheses based on humanistic psychology in the Occident and Orient, and arguing for usefulness from birth to old age. As a result the authors propose a vision based on five key principles. Readers may consider the remarkable importance of this initiative: both meaningful starting points and clear methods are lacking to achieve projects of significant societal value, and public support remains uncertain.

In Chapter 8, Chang Gi Cho offers a deep view of shape memory materials, which possess great potential for future applications related to comfort, health, and survival, as well as aesthetics and fun, but have so far rarely been embedded into smart clothes.

Readers may greatly benefit from the coverage of core aspects of shape memory materials, of a series of materials potentially very useful to design smart clothing, and of the numerous references. In the following chapter, Daniel Ashbrook et al. Armed with significant first-hand experience with wearable computers, the authors provide a unique perspective. However, due to the breadth of the scope and uniqueness of their work, they could only outline the spirit in which to carry out evaluations, describe methods, and let readers be creative according to the intended wearers and smart clothes at hand.

In any case, the readers should greatly benefit from this coherent approach, complementary methods, and results based on daily life as well as laboratory experiments. Finally, Jong-Hyeok Jeon and Gilsoo Cho face the thorniest obstacle for the viability of smart clothes: the provision of energy.

As a solution, they envisage creating photovoltaic textiles, textiles that absorb solar energy to transfer it as electricity to the active components.

The authors first introduce the basics of solar cells, then identify milestones for the realization of photovoltaic textiles, and finally compare methods for the production of photovoltaic yarns. Readers will note that this visionary approach requires much research and development, and that success is not guaranteed. However, this first proposal may help evaluate the feasibility of the project and clarify difficulties.

I would like to thank all authors for their willingness to accept my invitation to share their pioneering efforts in this field with the readers, and for their time to prepare book chapters with their own thoughts and knowledge.

Special thanks go to Drs. I am indebted to the outstanding assistance provided by all reviewers of the manuscripts. Their careful reviews and editorial suggestions improved the scientific rigor and clarity of communication in the book's chapters. I also express my gratitude to Jin Young Choi, a researcher of the smart clothing research group, for her endless devotion.

Clothing is special because it is personal, comfortable, close to the body, and used almost anywhere at any time Kirstein et al. People enjoy clothing, with pleasures associated with its selection and wearing. There is a need for an "ambient intelligence" in which intelligent devices are integrated into the everyday surroundings and provide diverse services to everyone. As our lives become more complex, people want "ambient intelligence" to be personalized, embedded, unobtrusive, and usable any time and anywhere.

Clothing would be an ideal place for intelligent systems because clothing could enhance "our capabilities without requiring any conscious thought or effort" Mann Clothing can build a very intimate form between human-machine interaction. Smart clothing is a "smart system" capable of sensing and communicating with environmental and the wearer's conditions and stimuli.

Stimuli and responses can be in electrical, thermal, mechanical, chemical, magnetic, or other forms Tao Smart clothing differs from wearable computing in that smart clothing emphasizes the importance of clothing while it possesses sensing and communication capabilities Barfield et al.

Wearable computers use conventional technology to connect available electronics and attach them to clothing. The functional components are still bulky and rigid portable machines and remain as non-textile materials. While constant efforts have been made toward miniaturization of electronic components for wearable electronics, true "smart clothing" requires full textile materials for all components.

People prefer to wear textiles since they are more flexible, comfortable, lightweight, robust, and washable Kirstein et al. To be a comfortable part of the clothing, it is necessary to embed electronic functions in textiles so that both electronic functionality and textile characteristics are retained.

Smart clothing should be easy to maintain and use, and washable like ordinary textiles. Smart clothing will provide useful services in numerous fields such as healthcare and warfare, where smart clothes can be designed to perform certain functions and support specialized activities, or sports and leisure, with more emphasis on aesthetics and convenience. Developing smart clothes requires multidisciplinary approaches involving textile, human, and information science.

Although smart clothing has progressed in various fields, advances remain in individual fields; more comprehensive reviews should associate diverse perspectives. Here, we provide an overview of discoveries and issues in smart clothing. First, we review recent developments in technologies. Then, we consider human aspects and applications of smart clothing. Based on the current status of smart clothing, we suggest the direction to develop smart clothing and future work.

Passive smart systems can only sense the environment; active smart systems can sense and react to the stimuli from the environment; and very smart systems, in addition, adapt their behavior to circumstances. A smart clothing system comprises 1 interfaces, 2 communication components, 3 data management components, 4 energy management components, and 5 integrated circuits Tao a.

An interface is a medium for transacting information between the wearer and devices or the environment. A communication links components of the clothing, transferring information and energy.

Data management refers to memory and data processing. Energy management relates to energy supply and storage. Integrated circuits are miniature electronic circuits built on a semiconductor substrate.

Interface technologIesInput and output interfaces transfer information between the wearer and devices or the environment. Input InterfacesButtons and keyboards are used as input interfaces and are relatively simple and easy to learn and implement in clothes Tao a. For complex tasks, more powerful input interfaces, such as speech recognition, are needed.

Sensors can monitor the context, e. Much effort focuses on developing textile-based interfaces for smart clothing. Textile-Based Buttons and KeyboardsConductivity in textiles is essential to smart clothing since electrical conductivity provides pathways to carry information or energy for various functions Lam Po Tang and Stylios Conductivity in textiles can be imparted at various textile stages. Conductive polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics, embroidery, and finishing are all vital to construct smart clothes.

Textile-based buttons and keyboards are developed based on various mechanisms. It consists of conductive fabrics with a thin layer of elasto-resistive composite, called a "quantum tunneling composite.

This "touch-sensitive" material can serve as a switch or pressure sensor. Sensory Fabric Swallow and Thompson consists of two conductive fabric layers separated by a meshed non-conductive layer. When the material is pressed, the two conductive layers touch through the holes in the non-conductive mesh. This pressure-sensitive fabric can serve as a switch, soft keypad, and pressure sensor. Another system uses a multi-layer structure to form a resistive touchpad. When touched, the layers are compressed and form an electronic circuit that generates positional values X and Y with a low-resolution pressure measurement Z.

The "switch fabric" works by contact between the conductive warp and filling yarns and the metal dome switch when compressed. Textile-Based Body-Monitoring Sensors and ElectrodesSensors measure and monitor physiological or environmental data and can act as input interfaces. Fabric-based sensors and electrodes have been developed from conductive fabrics and fiber optics. Physiological InformationTextile sensors serve to record electrocardiograms ECGs , respiration rates, heart rates, etc.

Conventional sensors often cause problems due to their physical structure or functional requirements.

Smart Clothing: What You Need to Know About E-Textiles

Data availability statement: Data will be available on request. With the advancements in wearable electronics, electronically integrated smart garments started to transpire in our daily lives. Smart garment technologies are incorporated into sportswear applications to enhance the well-being and performance of athletes. Smart garments applications in the sports sector are increasing, and the variety of smart garment applications available in the literature is overwhelming. Therefore, it is essential to compare the vast array of technologies incorporated in smart garments for athletes to understand the knowledge gaps for future studies. The protocol paper aims to examine the smart garments used in the sports domain to enhance the health and well-being of athletes.

The paper describes and discusses new and developing materials and technologies used in the textile industries. Significant progress has been achieved in the area of technical textiles. The basic building blocks are already in place in the field of smart textiles and clothing. As progress in science and engineering research advances, and as the gap between designers and scientists narrows, the area of smart clothing is likely to keep on expanding for the foreseeable future. There are challenges that have to be addressed. The paper provides information of value to those interested in the future directions of the textile industry.


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Electronic textiles or e-textiles often confounded with smart textiles are fabrics that enable digital components such as a battery and a light including small computers , and electronics to be embedded in them. Smart textiles can be broken into two different categories: aesthetic and performance enhancing. Aesthetic examples include fabrics that light up and fabrics that can change colour.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Sachin Roy.

Since the dawn of human life, we have used clothes and accessories to protect our health and defend ourselves from the elements and danger. From the mids onward, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology began to explore the possibility of incorporating microprocessors into textiles. The latter enables clothes to communicate and interact with personal computers and mobile phones. Smart clothes were originally designed for use in clinical settings. However, thanks to miniaturization and mobile technology, their use has recently proliferated in the general population as a tool for health and wellbeing. However, this figure is small when compared with the indirect benefits of this technology. In general, smart clothes are based on using sensors to detect a variety of signals, which are usually converted into electrical signals.

A comprehensive review of materials, processes, components, products and the global market

By James Hayward. Order now. Order in a Subscription About subscriptions. Electronic textiles e-textiles involves the combination of electronics and textiles to form "smart" textile products. With research compiled over 7 years, a database of over companies in the sector, primary research on activities over companies, coverage of each major product type, market and application that has been discussed and deployed, historic data back to and forecasts from to , this is the most comprehensive study compiled on this technology area. Part of this revolution includes the integration of electronics and textiles.

Since the dawn of human life, we have used clothes and accessories to protect our health and defend ourselves from the elements and danger.

Haynes ManualsThe Haynes Author : Gilsoo Cho Description:With contributed chapters from various authors, this book covers the state of the art in smart clothing technology and applications, which includes textile-based keypads, transmission lines, sensors, and actuators. The authors address usability and human aspects relevant to the manufacture and sale of such products, and they detail the evolving and increasingly wide-ranging applications related to fields such as information, healthcare, and entertainment. Smart clothing technology topics addressed in the book include interface, communication, energy supply, data management, processors, and actuators. It also discusses packaging and interconnection, shape memory alloy, and design and modeling of electronic textile applications.


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The future design direction of Smart Clothing development

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The global e-textiles market can be divided depending on applications. The chapters address usability and human aspects relevant to the … Wearable systems and smart clothes can answer this need appropriately. This chapter looks at the potential for the application of wearable technologies in an area of the market that has been largely neglected by designers; the design of functional clothing for the rapidly growing ageing community. Post was not sent - check your email addresses!

smart clothing technology and applications


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