File Name: chivalry and violence in medieval europe .zip
Kaeuper argues that chivalric ideology of the high and later Middle Ages selectively appropriated religious ideas to valorize the institution of knighthood. He describes how both elite warriors and clerics contributed to a Christian theology that validated the knights' bloody profession. The book is carefully and elegantly written, and the arguments are abundantly documented. It must be essential reading for any scholar concerned with the knightly culture of the Middle Ages.
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Medieval Europe was a rapidly developing society with a problem of violent disorder. This study reveals that chivalry was just as much a part of this problem as it was its solution. Chivalry praised heroic violence by knights, and fused such displays of prowess with honour, piety, high status, and attractiveness to women. Though the vast body of chivalric literature praised chivalry as necessary to civilization, most texts also worried over knightly violence, criticized the ideals and practices of chivalry, and often proposed reforms. The knights themselves joined the debate, absorbing some re The knights themselves joined the debate, absorbing some reforms, ignoring others, sometimes proposing their own.
Chivalry was a violent, often grisly, phenomenon. But he also insists that chivalry is more than a timeless warrior code. Though its influence is still felt, chivalry is specific to a historical period—from roughly the second half of the 11th century into the 16th century—and it underpins medieval society in many ways. But it also refers to the collective body of knights present in an action and—most important—a set of ideas and practices. The English, the Italians, the Spanish, and the Germans not only adopt it but make it their own.
Access options available:. Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe. Oxford : Oxford University Press, The chivalric aristocracy was thus left to imbibe reformist ideals of knightly virtue Kaeuper uses chivalric literature to illustrate the tensions between the growing centralization of state power and an ideology of aristocratic independence. In chivalric narrative, evil kings are those who trample aristocratic independence ; the good king is one who rules with a recognition of the centrality of the chivalric knighthood and who both displays and rewards acts of prowess.
Composed at the height of the Hundred Years War by Geoffroi de Charny, one of the most respected knights of his age, A Knight's Own Book of Chivalry is an invaluable guide to fourteenth-century knighthood. This slimmed-down version now provides teachers of chivalry, warfare, and gender with an excellent resource for the classroom. Charny's book offers an exploration and explanation of the values and proper manner of life for Christian knights and men at arms by someone who was a knight himself.
Chivalry , or the chivalric code , is an informal and varying code of conduct developed between and It was associated with the medieval Christian institution of knighthood ;  knights' and gentlemen's behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes. The ideals of chivalry were popularized in medieval literature , particularly the literary cycles known as the Matter of France , relating to the legendary companions of Charlemagne and his men-at-arms , the paladins , and the Matter of Britain , informed by Geoffrey of Monmouth 's Historia Regum Britanniae , written in the s, which popularized the legend of King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table. The code of chivalry that developed in medieval Europe had its roots in earlier centuries.
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