File Name: thesis on pride and prejudice .zip
In my thesis I focus on a well-known novelist Jane Austen and her classification in periods. The aim of this thesis is to prove, to what extent should she be considered as a writer of romanticism or, despite of the time anticoincidence, Victorian era. By virtue of following particular elements in her novel Pride and Prejudice, serving me as a support for my research, and classifying the period, I also establish the aspects of her uniqueness. This thesis is a view both on the society and literature of the two periods watching the social changes and mapping the influence of period and life of the author on her literary production.
My deepest gratefulness is also addressed to My Thesis Advisor , MY Supervisor for your times to guide me writing this thesis. I also thank you for sharing me your idea especially about the theory applied in this thesis. Abstract : Pride and Prejudice is a novel written in the early nineteenth century It depicts the English society of gentry landowners and their habits and attitudes towards life.
The very opening of the novel points to marriage as its major theme. As women were subordinated to men in the nineteenth century, they could only use marriage as their means of social validation. Because the class division is based on money, the more money one has, the higher their rank. Since women were not rightful owners of any type of material property, the only way to acquire a respectable status in the society was entering a marriage with a man of high social rank.
This paper relies on the examples from the novel to show how nineteenth-century women imagined their marriage and the marriage of their daughters, and what kind of a man was considered a good match.
In this view, Jane Austen successfully portrays the society of the then England and contemporary anxieties connected with marriage. Keywords: women, marriage, nineteenth century, class, society, Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen. Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction 1. Rather, it may be said that its style and characteristics foreshadow the upcoming Victorian era.
As Victorian novels often do, it portrays and comments on the social conventions of the period. It is generally known that the society of the nineteenth century England was nothing like today: class differences were more visible, polite manners were much more appreciated and, most importantly, the social status of women was determined according to the status of their family or their husband.
Therefore they had to marry the most appropriate man that was sometimes even imposed on them by their family. Though they could choose whom they would marry, there was very little possibility that they would marry a man they loved, unless he is also wealthy and willing to marry her. Therefore, it was usually not an institution created for love but rather one based on social class. The first chapter will focus on the society of the early nineteenth century as it is described in the novel, whereas the second and the third will focus on the role of women and their means of acquiring a respectable social status.
Class and Society in the Early Nineteenth Century and in the Novel : Pride and Prejudice is often taken to be a Victorian novel because it is very realistic in its depiction of the early nineteenth century English society.
At the time, England was still a land of aristocracy, even though the Industrial Revolution caused major changes in the class structure. The one that is important for this thesis is the upper class.
She argues further: The aristocracy were the great landed proprietors whose estates exceeded 10, acres about 18 square miles and who, for the most part, belonged to the peerage. These two sections of the upper class together In spite of his enormous yearly income and his origins, he is technically not a member of aristocracy due to the absence of the title that a real aristocrat was supposed to have Prewitt Brown 74 : To qualify as an aristocrat, one had to be of titled rank, to own an estate exceeding 10, acres, to have enough money in revenues to live opulently, and to own a house in London to go to during the social season.
Obviously there were exceptions—some ancient titles had declining fortunes—but in order to participate fully in the social life of the aristocracy, one had to have these things.
Prewitt Brown 74 3 The Bennets, as well as most of the people who live in Meryton and its surroundings, are members of the gentry. Bingley, on the other hand, can be regarded as a gentleman. When he comes to the neighbourhood, Bingley is instantly seen as a desirable potential husband of one of the Bennet daughters because of his wealth.
The characters in the novel are strictly defined by their social status which cannot drastically change unless a character loses a great sum of money or somehow comes into its possession. This makes it more understandable that to the society of the nineteenth century England money really made the world or class go around. Prewitt Brown agrees with Stone and suggests that: In the early nineteenth century, the nexus of social change was to be found more in the gentry and middle class than either the working class or aristocracy.
Austen shows over and over again that the apparent stability of class position is an illusion created by the slowness of change through marriage and the peculiar stability of class character, resulting from the chameleonlike adaptability of new families.
In that regard, Mr. Bennet had enough money to not be forced to work, but if his family spent more than they could yearly afford, this money would soon be gone and their social rank would be lowered.
This kind of scenario troubled them so much that they hardly dared to speak of it in open terms; however, Mr. In addition to the obvious economic reasons and fear of poverty, one of the reasons for anxiety regarding the loss of current social status is the fact that the upper class, which everyone looks up to as a role model, is usually narrow- minded and very proud of their status.
In fact, they are so proud that they often regard anyone who is of lower rank as unworthy of their company. One of them is the unjustified disinclination towards Darcy when he first comes to the neighbourhood with Bingley.
He is immediately pronounced to be disagreeable because of his behaviour. He was the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world, and everybody hoped that he would never come there again. Amongst the most violent against him was Mrs. Thus, Mrs. But I hope you will not mind it: it is all for Jane's sake, you know; and there is no occasion for talking to him, except just now and then. The fact that Austen places her characters in the realistic circumstances helps one learn more about the actual expectations of the society of her time.
Those who break the unwritten rules are usually confronted with difficulties and certain amount of disdain; this is especially typical of female characters as suggested through the character of Lydia Bennet, who runs away with Wickham. It was, on the contrary, exactly calculated to make her understand her own wishes; and never had she so honestly felt that she could have loved him, as now, when all love must be vain. The rich are too proud of their own money and heritage which causes them to be vain and dismissive of those who are less well off.
In other words, the prejudice of the rich against those who are not as rich often cause distress to both sides as emotions and individual qualities are disregarded. A person may be proud without being vain. Clearly, these two characteristics are two completely opposite things. Having read the novel, one can conclude that half of the society is vain, starting from Mr. Bennet and her younger daughters, who are the members of gentry. Though proud, he is not as vain as one might think, which at last prevails in his open admiration towards Elizabeth and his final decision.
To sum up, it is easily concluded that money indeed was most important. It divided people into classes and therefore played the biggest role at the time, especially for women who were seen as inferior and were judged according to the families they were born and married into. It often caused pride and vanity, which resulted in creating prejudices and people looking down not only on those of a different rank, but also on those of the same rank.
She is following the same pattern blindly what she is educated to do. The women could not do any job in that era, so getting married was their sole objective of life. Bennet was anxious to get her daughters married because she wishes to assure financial security for them. Bennet that she wishes to arrange wealthy suitors for her daughters in order to consolidate and assure her own security. To get them settled in affluent families is symbolic of financial security of the whole family.
Chapter 3 : 3. To understand their position better, it is necessary to point out that women, once married, did not have any possessions Damrosch. If one takes a closer look at the position of women, it is obvious that they were subordinated to men. The only role they were obliged to play was that of a wife and a mother, especially when it comes to women of the upper class.
Since they did not have to work, their only duty was to give birth to their children and to obey their husband. It was no longer the exception for women of the middle and upper classes to choose their own husbands. They were educated from books that were at first read to them by their mothers until they were taught to read or, if they could afford it, by a governess who could teach them things like reading, writing or playing certain instruments. Austen alludes to this many times in Pride and Prejudice.
Hurst, had the privilege of having a governess who could teach them these things. On the other hand, the Bennets did not have 8 enough money to afford their five daughters a governess, so they were mostly self-educated at home. Of all of them, Mary was most persistent in it and was trying to learn as much as possible, although not always successfully.
Lydia and Kitty did not care much about these things, and Jane and Elizabeth paid enough attention to it to be regarded as educated. Luckily, they had enough money to be able to afford books from which they could learn. We were always encouraged to read, and had all the masters that were necessary. Due to their sensibility and sensitivity women were perceived as better in housework than men.
Nevertheless, Armstrong refers to another important difference: [in] nineteenth century fiction, As gender came to mark the most important difference among individuals, men were still men and women still women, of course, but the difference between male and female was understood in terms of their respective qualities of mind.
For example, because of her common sense Elizabeth did not let herself be fooled by some characters and she acted the way she thought was best. With such traits as the brightness of her mind and sensibility, she is much esteemed by others. This was a huge step forward, even if many of them had to publish under pseudonyms, because earlier in history they were not allowed to publish any kind of literary forms. According to Ian Watt, women were better in writing novels. This can be explained on account of their better connectedness to the society in the sense that they spent more time observing it than men.
It is difficult to establish what exactly helped women write the way they did about the society. Nevertheless, they played a huge role in changing the perspective of the society when it comes to their position by writing novels and depicting male and female characters and their problems. If one tries to analyse the role of women in the novel, it can be seen that it is compatible with the ones previously described.
Mayasari A, NIM. It was hoped that the result of analyzing the character personalities and moral values in the novel would be useful information information both for the teachers and students. In conducting this research, the writer used qualitative method to describe and presents all the facts found in this study. Beside that, the writer used two kinds of source when collecting the data. Those were primary data and secondary data in literary analysis.
A woman in those times and her position in life was defined by the father or husband. Women were expected to behave modest, submissive, and, most important: incapable of independent thought. The protagonists of Pride and Prejudice are the exact opposite of this image, and are thus interesting to follow through their marriage adventures. This thesis also deals with the sources of happiness and contentment women were able to exploit in the Victorian Age, primarily through marriage and family. Jana Gohrisch understands the construction of happiness as a process of emotional self- fashioning which aims at making the middle-class individual emotionally fit for both success and failure under the conditions of laissez- faire capitalism.
Pride and Prejudice contains one of the most cherished love stories in English literature: the courtship between Darcy and Elizabeth. Of course, one could also say that Elizabeth is guilty of prejudice and Darcy of pride—the title cuts both ways. In each case, anxieties about social connections, or the desire for better social connections, interfere with the workings of love.
Skripsi thesis, Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta. There are three problems analyzed in this study: 1 how different countries and cultures define feminine beauty; 2 the features that are considered beauty on a woman; 3 the way how feminine beauty is constructed socially. The writer uses Feminism theory to analyze the feminine beauty of Elizabeth Bennet and Sitti Nurbaya.
Abstract This dissertation explores what life was like for free black families and the nascent black communities they formed in antebellum Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse, New York, Skilled black pioneer settlers found work in their trades, black entrepreneurs welcomed white patrons in their shops, and unskilled laborers readily found employment. The economic prosperity in the region provided many black families with the means to own real estate, to attain middling class status, and for black men to earn the rights to suffrage in the state.
Lincoln, Nebraska: August, This thesis argues that Pride and Prejudice and Zombies and other texts like it are a form of vital and original popular postmodern interaction with and appropriation of the existing literary canon. As a whole, this subgenre re-imagines the English and American literary canon and heritage, providing new or alternative ways for readers to relate to and understand it. While many reviewers, scholars, and Austen enthusiasts have casually dismissed these novels as purely ridiculous or a gimmick to make an easy profit, this thesis argues that they are actually an attempt to move beyond previous ideological attacks on the literary canon and into a popular interaction with the existing literary canon.
У АН Б не было иного выбора, кроме как остановить его любой ценой. Арест и депортация Танкадо, широко освещавшиеся средствами массовой информации, стали печальным и позорным событием. Вопреки желанию Стратмора специалисты по заделыванию прорех такого рода, опасаясь, что Танкадо попытается убедить людей в существовании ТРАНСТЕКСТА, начали распускать порочащие его слухи.
Попытка переделать Цифровую крепость - дело серьезное и хлопотное. Я не хотел тебя впутывать. - Я… понимаю, - тихо сказала она, все еще находясь под впечатлением его блистательного замысла. - Вы довольно искусный лжец.
- Что происходит. С какой стати университетский профессор… Это не университетские дела. Я позвоню и все объясню.
Это приказ. Чатрукьян замер от неожиданности. - Но, сэр, мутация… - Немедленно! - крикнул Стратмор. Чатрукьян некоторое время смотрел на него, лишившись дара речи, а потом бегом направился прочь из шифровалки. Стратмор повернулся и с удивлением увидел Хейла.
Бледная, жуткая в тусклом свете мониторов фигура застыла, грудь шефа тяжело вздымалась. - Ком… мандер! - вскрикнула она от неожиданности. - Хейл в Третьем узле.
Если Дэвид не добьется успеха, а ключ Танкадо попадет в чьи-то руки… Коммандеру не нужно было договаривать.
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