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Causes And Effects Of Violence Pdf

causes and effects of violence pdf

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This topic looks at how to confront and prevent potential negative outcomes in children exposed to social violence and how to intervene and set up the necessary resources. Violence exposure in the lives of children includes both indirect forms of witnessing and direct forms of victimization across family and community contexts. Violence includes physical, emotional and sexual forms.

Children’s Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence: Causes, Consequences, and Coping

On any given day in the United States, you will find a news story about youth violence. Whether it is street violence, bullying , or a school shooting, our country's youth is plagued by violent behavior. The American Psychological Association APA defines youth violence as an extreme form of aggression with the goal of physical harm, injury, or death.

Examples of youth violence also include date rape , homicides, and gang violence. For parents and educators of teens, it is important to recognize that these types of violent behaviors are prevalent. In fact, homicide is the third leading cause of death among young people ages 15 to 19 years old in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control CDC. Consequently, parents and educators need to take an active part in preventing youth violence in the lives of teens.

To do this, it's important to understand what causes violence among teens. Research indicates that violence in the media influences teens and can cause them to act aggressively. Although it is difficult to determine whether or not violence in media leads directly to youth violence, studies have shown that playing violent video games increases aggressive thoughts and behaviors.

In fact, one study found that violent video games not only escalate aggressive behaviors. They also increase angry thoughts as well as raise the heart rate and blood pressure of participants.

Meanwhile, these video games decrease "helping behaviors" and reduce feelings of empathy. What's more, violent video game users tend to interact with other aggressive teens, which makes them feel accepted and validated for their thoughts and feelings. While video games often get the most attention, violence in media isn't limited to video games. Violent media also can include the Internet, television, magazines, movies, music, advertising, social media , and more.

Basically, media consists of anything your teen sees, hears, or interacts with. Where teens live can also have an impact on them and lead them to act more aggressively. The CDC points to several community risk factors for youth violence including diminished economic opportunities, high levels of crime, and socially disorganized neighborhoods. Additionally, research shows that youth violence can become a form of "street justice" in response to the lack of police protection in some neighborhoods.

When this happens, teens may attempt to secure the neighborhood by using violence as a way of bringing order to the area. As a result, youth violence often manifests as gang violence, turf wars, gun wars, and other types of violence. When teens live in socioeconomically challenged neighborhoods, they may feel like their only option for survival is to join a gang or to engage in violence.

When this line of thinking is the norm, teens are likely to act aggressively and participate in violent behaviors. Children who live with violence in the home learn by example and can become violent people as they grow up.

They also are more likely to experience teen dating violence , either as a victim or an aggressor. Other contributing factors include harsh parenting styles, along with chaos in the home, neglect, and rejection. Each of these situations can lead to youth violence later in life because of the lack of stability and structure in the home. Being violent gives teens a feeling of power and control—something they lack at home.

To combat this risk, it is important that parents consider their parenting style and make adjustments in order to reduce the likelihood of seeing violence in their teens' lives later. Educators can lend support by offering parenting workshops. When parents do not provide adequate supervision, teens are prone to engage in aggressive behaviors or criminal activity.

Without adult supervision, teens do not have the resources needed to make good choices or to recognize risks. Consequently, these teens tend to make friends with the wrong people, take unnecessary risks, and experiment with things an involved parent would not allow. When parents are too permissive, their kids often have no motivation to do well in school and may even stop caring about their future.

As a whole, teenagers need fair and firm discipline and consistent interaction with and direction from their parents. When parents take an active role in their teens' lives, it reduces the likelihood of teen violence.

Peer pressure plays a pivotal role in youth violence, especially because kids are more likely to engage in risky or violent behaviors when they act as a group. Additionally, teens are more likely to be violent or aggressive when they feel pressured. They also may become violent in order to maintain their place in the group. Peer pressure can lead teens to engage in risk-taking behaviors.

Alcohol and drug use has long been associated with the risk for youth violence. While teens usually engage in recreational drug and alcohol use to feel good, prolonged use of illicit drugs often brings about feelings of depression, anger, and frustration. These feelings can then lead a teen to exhibit behaviors of aggression and rage. Dealing with traumatic events also can cause violent behavior in teens.

For instance, teens who lose a friend in a car accident that they also were involved in often get angry at the fact that they were the ones that lived. Because anger is a normal stage of grief, a violent outburst from these teens may seem justified. But, while anger is a normal emotion, it is not normal to be violent toward another person. When violence occurs, it should always be addressed. Teens who exhibit signs of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD may be prone to violence.

Violent outbursts are typically a symptom of PTSD, and if left untreated, can manifest in significantly violent situations. Mental illness is another cause of violence among teens. Teen mental illness sometimes hides behind other causes of youth violence. For instance, a teen with bipolar disorder may be using drugs. If this teen becomes violent, the drug use could hide the fact that the bipolar illness is part of the cause.

For this reason, it is important that teens engaging in violent behaviors are evaluated for a mental illness. By treating the entire person rather than just the symptoms, you are more likely to reduce the risk of additional violent outbursts. Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adolescent health. Updated May 11, Shao R, Wang Y. The relation of violent video games to adolescent aggression: An examination of moderated mediation effect.

Front Psychol. Risk and protective factors. Updated March 2, Youth violence: What we know and what we need to know. Am Psychol. Preventing teen dating violence. Updated January 27, Boston Children's Hospital. Media Influence. Violent Video Games and Aggressive Behavior. Communities and Neighborhoods Where teens live can also have an impact on them and lead them to act more aggressively. Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Children who live with violence in the home learn by example and can become violent people as they grow up.

Insufficient Parental Supervision When parents do not provide adequate supervision, teens are prone to engage in aggressive behaviors or criminal activity. Peer Pressure Peer pressure plays a pivotal role in youth violence, especially because kids are more likely to engage in risky or violent behaviors when they act as a group. Drug and Alcohol Use Alcohol and drug use has long been associated with the risk for youth violence. Traumatic Events Dealing with traumatic events also can cause violent behavior in teens.

Mental Illness Mental illness is another cause of violence among teens. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Related Articles. Is Your Teen Using Drugs?

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The effects of domestic and family violence

Domestic and family violence tears lives apart. One in 3 women experience physical or sexual violence, or both, caused by someone known to them. It affects women, children, the family and the community. And it has big personal, social and economic effects. Children and young people don't have to see the violence to be affected by it. Studies show that living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to children and young people in the following ways:. Children and young people need to grow up in a secure and nurturing environment.

Recently, it seems as if some members in our communities have lost their sense of reason. As the riots, which started in London, spread to other cities in the UK, the general public seemed to get the impression that the random and uncontrolled violence was due to something in the air, when the causes of violence may have been due to other factors such as boredom and poverty. Intentionally causing harm to other individuals or property is a serious problem today. For example, the recent video of the Malaysian man whose jaw was broken and then robbed when someone was trying to help him comes to mind. These recent violent events give rise to the question, just what are the causes of violence and what should be done when you are faced with violence? The most common motivations for violence can be viewed as inappropriate attempts to handle emotions. Often, violence is the medium used by an individual to openly express their feelings such as anger, frustration, or sadness.

Some tragedies are unintentional and unpredictable, such as traffic accidents or natural disasters. Others are intentional and sometimes premeditated, such as fights, muggings, shootings, murders, and terrorist attacks. When children are exposed to a traumatic event, including a violent crime, their response may vary. Some children become fearful. They may prefer to stay at home, and they may have trouble sleeping and concentrating in school.

Effects of violence against women

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it.

Understanding Violence: What Causes It & How Should You Respond?

In the aftermath: how to help your family

Стратмор также понимал, что первым делом нужно разрядить ситуацию. Выдержав паузу, он как бы нехотя вздохнул: - Хорошо, Грег. Ты выиграл. Чего ты от меня хочешь. Молчание. Хейл сразу же растерялся, не зная, как истолковать примирительный тон коммандера, и немного ослабил хватку на горле Сьюзан.

Беккер понял, что, если его преследователь находится внутри, он в западне. В Севильском соборе единственный вход одновременно является выходом. Такая архитектура стала популярной в те времена, когда церкви одновременно служили и крепостями, защищавшими от вторжения мавров, поскольку одну дверь легче забаррикадировать. Теперь у нее была другая функция: любой турист, входящий в собор, должен купить билет. Дверь высотой в шесть метров закрылась с гулким стуком, и Беккер оказался заперт в Божьем доме. Он закрыл глаза и постарался сползти на скамье как можно ниже: он единственный в церкви был не в черном. Откуда-то донеслись звуки песнопения.

Джабба нахмурил свой несоразмерно выпуклый лоб. - В чем же тогда проблема. В отчет вкралась какая-то ошибка? - Мидж промолчала.

Дэвид подмигнул крошечной Сьюзан на своем мониторе.

Никакой Северной Дакоты нет и в помине. Энсей Танкадо - единственный исполнитель в этом шоу. Единственный исполнитель. Сьюзан пронзила ужасная мысль. Этой своей мнимой перепиской Танкадо мог убедить Стратмора в чем угодно.

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